The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

Related Overviews

Émile Zola (1840—1902) French novelist and critic

August Strindberg (1849—1912) Swedish dramatist and novelist


Alphonse Daudet (1840—1897) French novelist and dramatist

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Literature


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference

Art in which the artist represents objects as they are, rather than in a stylized manner.

Chilvers, Osborne, & Farr (eds.) (1988);Jervis (1984);Jane Turner (1996)

Subjects: Literature

Reference entries

View all reference entries »