Battle of Marston Moor
In the early summer of 1644 Charles I's forces in the north were pressed between the Scots under Alexander Leslie, Lord Leven, and parliamentary armies under Fairfax and Manchester, moving into south Yorkshire. The marquis of Newcastle fell back upon York, heavily fortified. In June Rupert set out from Lancashire to relieve the city. On 2 July he gave battle at Marston Moor, in flat pasture land west of the city, with roughly 18,000 men against 27,000. Rupert's defeat was severe and he was said to have been forced to hide in a bean‐field.