The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Law


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference


Unlawful homicide that does not amount to the crime of murder. There are two main categories: voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter arises when a defendant is charged with murder but successfully pleads a partial defence of provocation (Homicide Act 1957 s 3), diminished responsibility (s 2), or suicide pact (s 4). Involuntary manslaughter consists of unlawful killing of another person with a * mens rea not amounting to intention. Although the distinctions between forms of involuntary manslaughter remain unclear in law, it is generally understood to consist of subjective recklessness manslaughter (R v Pike [1961] Crim LR 547), constructive manslaughter (also called unlawful act manslaughter: R v Arobieke [1988] Crim LR 314), gross negligence manslaughter (R v Adomako [1995] 1 AC 171), and corporate manslaughter (Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007). The maximum penalty for manslaughter is life imprisonment. See also gross negligence.

Subjects: Law

Reference entries