The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • History
  • Contemporary History (post 1945)


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference

Name given in 1932 to Manchuria, a mountainous region forming the NE portion of China, which was declared an independent state by Japan; it was restored to China in 1945.

Reference entries

View all reference entries »