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Robert Koch

(1843—1910) German bacteriologist

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German bacteriologist, a founding figure of medical bacteriology, who was responsible alone or with collaborators for the discovery of many important pathogenic bacteria, using high-quality microscopes and newly developed methods of bacterial staining and culture (some of which he invented). His discoveries included the pathogens responsible for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis, and in travels to India and Africa, he did seminal work on many other diseases, including plague, malaria, African trypanosomiasis, and rinderpest. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1905.

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