The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Signed in as:

Related Content

Related Overviews

Adam Smith (1723—1790) moral philosopher and political economist

John Locke (1632—1704) philosopher

Edward Gibbon (1737—1794) historian


See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Philosophy


Show Summary Details


David Hume

(1711—1776) philosopher and historian

Quick Reference


Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. His philosophy rejected the possibility of certainty in knowledge, and he agreed with John Locke that there are no innate ideas, only a series of subjective sensations, and that all the data of reason stem from experience. His philosophical legacy is particularly evident in the work of 20th-century empiricist philosophers. In economics, he attacked mercantilism and anticipated the views of such economists as Adam Smith. Among his chief works are A Treatise of Human Nature (1739–40) and a five-volume History of England (1754–62).

Subjects: Philosophy

Reference entries

View all reference entries »

Works by David Hume