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battle of Otterburn

Henry Percy (1364—1403) soldier

Archibald Douglas (c. 1372—1424) magnate and soldier

Owain Glyndŵr (c. 1359—1415) rebel leader in Wales

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battle of Homildon Hill

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The clash at Otterburn in 1388 was followed by a ten‐year truce on the Anglo‐Scottish border. In June 1402 Hotspur got the better of a small skirmish at Nisbet Moor, in Berwickshire. Glyndŵr's rising in Wales gave the Scots a chance of revenge and in September 1402 a large force under Douglas pillaged Northumberland. Hotspur cut off their retreat near Wooler, and Douglas fought at Homildon Hill. The Scots were badly deployed, the English archers kept up a hail of fire, and Douglas was captured.

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