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Hill coefficient

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A coefficient devised by A. V. Hill (1886–1977) to describe the binding of oxygen to haemoglobin (Hill coefficient of 2.8) and used more generally as a measure of cooperativity in a binding process. A Hill coefficient of 1 indicates independent binding, a value greater than 1 indicates positive cooperativity in which binding of one ligand facilitates binding of subsequent ligands at other sites; a value less than 1 indicates negative cooperativity. It can be estimated graphically using a Hill plot of initial reaction velocity (or fractional binding saturation) against substrate concentration.

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