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(from French fronde, ‘sling’)

Street fighting in Paris; the word was applied particularly to two revolts against the absolutism of the crown in France between 1648 and 1652 during the minority of Louis XIV. The First Fronde began as a protest by the Parlement of Paris supported by the Paris mob against war taxation. Disaffected nobles joined in and intrigued with France's enemy, Spain. Peace was restored in March 1649. The Second Fronde began in 1651 with Mazarin's arrest of the arrogant and overbearing Condé. Throughout France nobles indulged in irresponsible and confused fighting in which certain great ladies played a conspiratorial role. Mazarin fled from France, but Condé and the mutinous nobles who supported him soon lost popularity. Mazarin was able to return, giving the command of the army to the Vicomte de Turenne, who had rejoined the royalist party and quickly recovered Paris for the king. The Fronde ended in Paris in October 1652.

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