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A stabilizing or preservative agent applied to certain types of works of art—particularly drawings in chalk, charcoal, or pastel—to prevent the pigments from smudging or crumbling, by binding them together and securing them to the ground. Such treatment is most commonly used with pastels, but it tends to reduce their brilliance. Fixatives have been made from various adhesive substances, including dilute egg white, and in the past were usually applied with a brush. Today they are generally produced from synthetic resins and applied by spraying.

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