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Henri Matisse (1869—1954) French painter and sculptor

Maurice de Vlaminck (1876—1958) French painter and writer

André Derain (1880—1954) French painter

Georges Braque (1882—1963) French painter

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A short-lived but influential style of painting with vivid expressionistic and non-naturalistic use of colour that flourished in Paris from 1905.

The name comes from French fauvisme, from fauve ‘wild beast’. The name originated from a remark of the French art critic Louis Vauxcelles at the Salon of 1905; coming across a quattrocento-style statue in the midst of works by Matisse and his associates, he is reputed to have said, ‘Donatello au milieu des fauves!’ (‘Donatello among the wild beasts’).

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