The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Media studies


Show Summary Details


face-to-face interaction

Quick Reference

*Synchronous social interaction between individuals co-present in the same physical location, normally through speech and nonverbal communication. It is a particular concern in social psychology and sociolinguistics, and a primary focus for the sociologist Goffman (see also face-work; interchange). In sociological terms, such a concern reflects a microsocial level of analysis (see microsociology). Face-to-face speech communication is traditionally phenomenally privileged (as in Plato) as the most meaningful mode of human communication (see phonocentrism). In presence studies it typically represents the ‘gold standard’ to which other forms of mediated interaction aspire.

Subjects: Media studies

Reference entries