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civil wars

3rd earl of Essex, Robert Devereux (1591—1646) parliamentarian army officer

Prince Rupert (1619—1682) royalist army and naval officer


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Battle of Edgehill

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(23 October 1642)

The first battle of the English Civil War. Charles I's Royalists, marching south from Shrewsbury, with the eventual aim of recapturing London, clashed with the Parliamentarians under the 3rd Earl of Essex, at Edgehill, near Warwick. Prince Rupert and his Royalist cavalry gained an early advantage, but the brunt of the fighting was borne by both infantries. Darkness, and the exhaustion of the troops ended the struggle, with no clear victor and heavy losses on both sides.

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