The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Science and technology
  • Life Sciences


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference

The final stage in a plant succession in which the vegetation attains equilibrium with the environment and, provided the environment is not perturbed, the plant community becomes more or less self-perpetuating. Subsequent changes occur much more slowly than those during earlier successional stages.

Reference entries