The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

Related Overviews


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Medicine and health


Show Summary Details


Bolam test

Quick Reference

Where clinical negligence is claimed, a test used to determine the standard of care owed by professionals to those whom they serve, e.g. the standards of care provided to patients by doctors. The case Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee (1957) 1 WLR 583 established that if a doctor acts in accordance with a responsible body of medical opinion, he or she will not be negligent. Subsequently, this standard of care test was amended – the Bolitho amendment – to include the requirement that the doctor should also have behaved in a way that ‘withstands logical analysis’ regardless of the body of medical opinion. The determination of whether a professional’s actions or omissions withstand logical analysis is the responsibility of the court.

Reference entries