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Lyonel Feininger (1871—1956)

Wassily Kandinsky (1866—1944) Russian painter and theorist

Alexei von Jawlensky (1864—1941)

Paul Klee (1879—1940) Swiss painter

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Die Blaue Vier

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A group of four painters—Feininger, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, and Klee—formed in 1924 at the instigation of the German art dealer Galka Scheyer (1889–1945) with the aim of promoting their work abroad (where there was a better market for art than in economically depressed Germany). Exhibitions were held in the USA and Mexico (as well as Germany) between 1925 and 1934. The venture was a moderate financial success and an important factor in spreading the reputation of the four artists (who had all been associated with Der Blaue Reiter—hence the choice of name). Scheyer settled in the USA and became an American citizen. Her own collection of paintings by the Blaue Vier is now in the Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California.

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