Related Content

Related Overviews

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley (1896—1980) politician and fascist leader


Benito Mussolini (1883—1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister 1922–43


See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • History


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference

The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities to fight socialism and communism by violent means. In 1921 they were incorporated into the Fascist Party (see fascism) as a national militia. The SS in Nazi Germany and the followers of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists in the 1930s were also known as Blackshirts.

Subjects: History

Reference entries

View all reference entries »