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Strictly a poem consisting of one or more triplets of seven‐ or (afterwards) eight‐lined stanzas, each ending with the same line as refrain, and usually an envoy addressed to a prince or his substitute; e.g. Chaucer's Compleynt of Venus. It was a dominant form in 14th‐ and 15th‐cent. French poetry. The form enjoyed a minor English revival in the late 19th cent. in the work of Swinburne, Henley, and Dobson.

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