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Latin greeting, meaning ‘hail, be well’. According to Suetonius' Lives of the Caesars, gladiators in the arena saluted the Roman emperor with the words, ‘Ave Caesar, morituri te salutant [Hail Caesar, those who are about to die salute you].’

Ave atque vale Latin for ‘hail and farewell!’

Ave Maria a Latin prayer to the Virgin Mary used in Catholic worship. The first line is adapted from Luke 1:28; the second was added in the Middle Ages. The name comes from the opening words, literally ‘hail, Mary!’

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