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Richard I (1157—1199) king of England, duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, and count of Anjou

Saladin (1138—1193)



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battle of Arsuf

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On 22 August 1191 Richard I led the armies of the Third Crusade out of Acre towards Jaffa, whence they would strike inland to Jerusalem. The army marched close to the sea‐shore, its right flank protected by Richard's fleet. Saladin's forces harassed the crusaders, but could not break their close formation and Saladin realized that he would have to risk open battle. On 7 September, on the plain to the north of Arsuf, the two armies met. The day was won when the massed crusader cavalry charged and forced Saladin to withdraw.

Subjects: HistoryMilitary History

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