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Solomon Islands

The Oxford Companion to British History

J. A. Cannon

Solomon Islands. 

The Solomon Islands are in the South Pacific, east of New Guinea, and export copra and coconuts. In 1886 Germany and Britain agreed to spheres of influence but the German sphere, including Bougainville, was later administered by Australia. During the Second World War there was extremely heavy fighting, particularly on Guadalcanal, where Japanese and Americans struggled for control of an important airfield. They form an independent state under the British crown, with a Governor-general.

J. A. Cannon