The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 June 2023

W. Edwards Deming 1900–93
American statistician and management theorist 

  1. In God we trust; all others must bring data.
    widely attributed to Deming, sometimes in the form ‘…all others bring data’. There is no evidence that Deming said this, but the association may have arisen from the saying ‘In God we trust; all others must use data’ being quoted without attribution in Mary Walton The Deming Management Method (1986)