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date: 15 April 2024

Herbert Spencer 1820–1903
English philosopher 

  1. Science is organized knowledge.
    Education (1861) ch. 2
  2. People are beginning to see that the first requisite to success in life is to be a good animal.
    Education (1861) ch. 2
  3. Absolute morality is the regulation of conduct in such a way that pain shall not be inflicted.
    Essays (1891) vol. 3 ‘Prison Ethics’
  4. The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly, is to fill the world with fools.
    Essays (1891) vol. 3 ‘State Tamperings with Money and Banks’
  5. Evolution…is—a change from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity, to a definite coherent heterogeneity.
    First Principles (1862) ch. 16
  6. This survival of the fittest which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, is that which Mr Darwin has called ‘natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life’.
    Principles of Biology (1865) pt. 3, ch. 12; see Darwin
  7. How often misused words generate misleading thoughts.
    Principles of Ethics (1879) bk. 1, pt. 2, ch. 8, sect. 152
  8. Progress, therefore, is not an accident, but a necessity…It is a part of nature.
    Social Statics (1850) pt. 1, ch. 2, sect. 4
  9. A clever theft was praiseworthy amongst the Spartans; and it is equally so amongst Christians, provided it be on a sufficiently large scale.
    Social Statics (1850) pt. 2, ch. 16, sect. 3
  10. Hero-worship is strongest where there is least regard for human freedom.
    Social Statics (1850) pt. 4, ch. 30, sect. 6
  11. No one can be perfectly free till all are free; no one can be perfectly moral till all are moral; no one can be perfectly happy till all are happy.
    Social Statics (1850) pt. 4, ch. 30, sect. 16