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ability

ability   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
73 words
The power to perform a mental or physical task—either before or after training. Social psychologists usually distinguish ability from aptitude, the natural capacity to acquire or learn a ... More
Ābish Khātūn bint Saʿd II

Ābish Khātūn bint Saʿd II (1260–86)   Reference library

George Lane

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
979 words

Ruler of Fārs Province, wife of Mongol prince Tash-Möngke bin Hülegü Khan. A daughter of the Salghurid dynasty whose grandfather,

Ablutions

Ablutions   Reference library

Gabriele Tecchiato and Mark Sedgwick

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,083 words

The state of ritual purity (ṭahārah) that is an essential condition for the fulfillment of many religious practices

abolitionism

abolitionism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
127 words

A term originally associated with a call for the abolition of slavery on the grounds of its inhumanity (see, for example, the arguments of ...

abortion

abortion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
294 words

The deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. In many countries women may request such a termination within a specific period

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Carole R. McCann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

The legal status of abortion in the United States has undergone dramatic shifts, while its practice has been consistent. Throughout

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Abul Fadl Mohsin Ebrahim, Yasmin Safian, Robert Gleave, and Samir Ben-Layashi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,160 words

In the medical sense, abortion is the termination of pregnancy before the fetus is viable and is capable of survival

abortion on demand

abortion on demand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
42 words

The phrase refers to women’s right to demand an abortion if they so wish rather than, for example, needing to

absolutism

absolutism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
650 words

A strong and centralized form of state typical of societies in the process of transition from *feudalism to *...

abstracted empiricism

abstracted empiricism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
167 words

A term coined by C. Wright Mills in The Sociological Imagination (1959) to refer to the work of those sociologists who equate a strong and rigid ...

ACCESS model

ACCESS model   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
147 words

One of two models, the other being the *pressure and release model (PAR model), that have been developed by

accident

accident   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
66 words

An event with a negative, unwanted outcome. The meaning of the term has developed over the last centuries from the

acculturation

acculturation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
55 words

The process whereby the norms, practices, and values of a given cultural context are adopted by those who are, or

acculturation

acculturation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
137 words
A social-psychological process of acquiring, modifying, and adapting from a parent culture to a host culture. This process occurs over time and includes adjusting to the customs, values, ... More
acephalous

acephalous   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
62 words

A term used to describe the political system of societies without centralized state authority—such as, for example, traditional African lineage political systems (see ...

achievement

achievement   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
123 words

The successful accomplishment or performance of a socially defined task or goal. Talcott *Parsons (in Social Theory and Modern Society...

achievement motivation

achievement motivation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
115 words
Defined as the need to perform well or the striving for success, and evidenced by persistence and effort in the face of difficulties, achievement motivation is regarded as a central human ... More
actionalism

actionalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
382 words

A term generally associated with the name of French sociologist Alain Touraine, and not to be confused with the ‘action frame of reference’ (...

action research

action research   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
163 words
A type of research in which the researcher is also a change agent. It is often used in local communities or by consultants working in companies, as part of the change process itself. The ... More
action theory

action theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
425 words
These terms are not interchangeable but are closely related and carry a number of implications about the way we regard sociology as a science. It has been common, for example, to juxtapose ... More

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