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ABI Profiler and COfiler kits

ABI Profiler and COfiler kits   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
49 words
Commercial reagent kits made by Applied Biosystems (now under Life Technologies Corporation) that are used for *DNA typing. The Profiler Plus kit amplifies nine of the thirteen STR loci ... More
ABO blood group system

ABO blood group system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
129 words
A blood group system discovered by Karl Landsteiner in 1900. The ABO system consists of antigens found on the outer surfaces of red blood cells (also called erythrocytes and commonly ... More
abrasion

abrasion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
28 words

A scraping-type injury to the skin that typically occurs as a result of friction or rubbing. The injury is limited to the upper layers of the skin....

absorbance

absorbance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
135 words
A measure of the amount of electromagnetic energy that is absorbed by a given sample. The amount of energy absorbed will depend on the concentration of the sample, the amount of sample ... More
absorption-elution and absorption-inhibition

absorption-elution and absorption-inhibition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
121 words

Two tests that were used to type blood and *body fluids for *ABO and other *blood group systems...

accelerant

accelerant   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
65 words
The flammable material that is used to accelerate the propagation of an intentionally set fire. Accelerants can be solids, liquids, or gases, with petrol (gasoline) being the most commonly ... More
AccessData

AccessData   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
37 words
A company headquartered in Utah that provides a number of widely used software tools applied in computer and digital forensic investigation and analysis. This includes FTK software ... More
accidental characteristics

accidental characteristics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
72 words
Physical markings and features in a material that are acquired by wear or by some accidental or other non-repeatable circumstance during manufacture. Tyre treads, bullets, shoe soles, ... More
accident reconstruction

accident reconstruction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
68 words
A type of forensic engineering investigation involving the study of automobile accidents and related accidents involving motorcycles, trucks, pedestrians, bicycles, boats, buses, trains, ... More
accounting, forensic

accounting, forensic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
29 words
The application of accounting techniques to criminal and civil matters. Forensic accountants study financial records and other financial evidence, prepare analyses and reports, and assist ... More
accreditation

accreditation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
71 words
The process of assuring that a forensic laboratory follows procedures and protocols as set forth by a professional organization such as ISO or ASCLD/LAB. Gaining accreditation involves ... More
accuracy

accuracy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
156 words
One of many *figures of merit used in *metrology (generally) and in quantitative forensic analysis. The accuracy of a result is a quantitative measure of how close the result of a given ... More
ACE-V

ACE-V   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
29 words
In the evaluation of fingerprint or other types of pattern evidence, an abbreviation for a four-step process: analysis, comparison, evaluation, and verification. It is pronounced as ‘ace ... More
acid

acid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
107 words
Illustration(s):
1

1. Arrhenius definition: A compound that dissociates in water to produce H+ which forms H3O+ and the conjugate base A...

acid/base extraction

acid/base extraction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
34 words

A chemical separation procedure that exploits changes in pH and relative solubilities to effect the separation. These extractions are typically performed using ...

acid salt

acid salt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
158 words
Illustration(s):
1

1. A salt (combination of an *anion and *cation) that forms from a partially deprotonated, multi-protic acid. For example, the diprotic acid H...

acrylic

acrylic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
56 words
Chemical compounds (*polymers) incorporated into paints, fibres, and other coating and resin materials. The monomers are compounds such as acrylic acid in which a key structural feature is ... More
action

action   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
119 words
The mechanical process by which a *cartridge is loaded and secured into a firearm before firing and how it is removed afterward. For example, a pump-action shotgun ejects a spent cartridge ... More
adenine

adenine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
37 words
One of four *nucleotide bases that comprise DNA and RNA. Due to its molecular structure, adenine will associate with thymine (T), and the two are referred to as complements of each ... More
adiabatic flame temperature

adiabatic flame temperature   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
59 words
The calculated theoretical maximum temperature at which combustion of a fuel occurs. The condition of the fuel and presence of oxygen (or other oxidant) will determine actual flame ... More

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