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A-DNA

A-DNA   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

One of the double helical structures that can be adopted by DNA, a right-handed double helix fairly similar to *...

A-type channels

A-type channels   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Rapidly inactivating voltage-gated potassium channels (KCNA4), of the *shaker-related subfamily. They are activated by depolarization but only after a preceding hyperpolarization and are ... More
A20

A20   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits *NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNF...

A431

A431   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

A human cell line established from an epidermoid carcinoma, often used in studies on *EGF.

AAA family

AAA family   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
A diverse superfamily (ATPases associated with various cellular activities) that have a characteristic AAA-domain. There are at least 300 known members in at least six families. Mutations ... More
AAMI

AAMI   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

Age-associated memory impairment.

Aarskog–Scott syndrome

Aarskog–Scott syndrome   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
An X-linked developmental disorder (faciogenital dysplasia, FGDY) in which stature is disproportionately short and there are facial, skeletal, and urogenital abnormalities. The syndrome is ... More
Ab

Ab   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

Common abbreviation for antibody. See IgA, IgG, etc.

ABC

ABC   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
1. Antigen binding cell. 2. Antigen binding capacity. 3. The avidin–biotin peroxidase complex. Used in an ... More
abciximab

abciximab   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
The Fab fragments of a monoclonal antibody directed against the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor on platelets that blocks platelet aggregation. Used as a short-term treatment to prevent ... More
ABC proteins

ABC proteins   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
An extensive family of membrane proteins involved in active transport or regulation of ion channel function that have an ATP binding cassette. Many are prokaryotic, but important ... More
abdominal aortic aneurysm

abdominal aortic aneurysm   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
A multifactorial disorder in which there is permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta, usually due to degenerative changes in the aortic wall. There is chronic inflammation of the aortic ... More
abducens nerve

abducens nerve   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ophthalmology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine, Surgery
Length:
19 words

The sixth cranial nerve. It innervates the ipsilateral lateral rectus muscle, resulting in *abduction of the eye.

abduction

abduction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ophthalmology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine, Surgery
Length:
11 words

Horizontal movement of the eye outwards (away from the nose).

Abell–Kendall method

Abell–Kendall method   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
A method for estimating total serum cholesterol levels that involves saponification of cholesterol ester by hydroxide, extraction with petroleum ether, and colour development with acetic ... More
Abelson leukaemia virus

Abelson leukaemia virus   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
A replication-defective murine leukaemia virus (A-MuLV), a retrovirus, that requires coinfection of cells with a ‘helper’ virus to proliferate and to cause a rapidly progressive ... More
abetalipoproteinaemia

abetalipoproteinaemia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

An autosomal recessive defect (acanthocytosis, Bassen–Kornweig syndrome) in which there is total absence of *apolipoprotein B (a component of ...

abnormal retinal correspondence

abnormal retinal correspondence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ophthalmology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine, Surgery
Length:
42 words

A cortical mechanism to remap anatomically non-corresponding points of each retina to stimulate functionally corresponding points in the *occipital

ABO blood group system

ABO blood group system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
The first of the blood group systems to be discovered. The H-locus, which encodes a fucosyl transferase, determines whether the H-antigen, a glycosyl chain attached to ceramide or protein, ... More
abortifacient

abortifacient   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

Describing anything, but generally a drug, that induces abortion.

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