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A

A   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

The first vowel and letter in the Sanskrit alphabet. The phoneme “a” is thought to be the source of all

Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr  

(1756–1836)US Democratic Republican statesman. After losing the presidential election to Jefferson in 1800, Burr was elected Vice-President. He was defeated in the contest for the governorship of New ...
abacus

abacus  

An ancient device for performing arithmetic calculations by sliding beads along rods or in grooves. Despite the spread of electronic calculators and computers, the abacus is still widely used in the ...
abduction

abduction  

An inference process widely used in artificial intelligence, particularly in expert systems and rule-based systems. In diagnosis, for example, there may be a rule like “if measles then red spots” so ...
abhabbaṭṭhāna

abhabbaṭṭhāna (S.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Pāli, “condition of being incapable” or “impossibility”; referring to nine immoral acts or inadequacies of character that an arhat

ābhāsvaracitta

ābhāsvaracitta   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Sanskrit, “mind of clear light.” See prabhāsvaracitta.

ābhāsvarāloka

ābhāsvarāloka (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

In Sanskrit, the “heaven of radiant light” (in Chinese, the name is also parsed as the “heaven of radiant sound”),

abhayadāna

abhayadāna (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Sanskrit, the “gift of fearlessness”; said to be one of the expanded list of three (sometimes four) forms of

Abhayadattaśrī

Abhayadattaśrī (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Indian author of the early twelfth century to whom the text of tantric hagiographies entitled *Caturaśītisiddhapravṛtti (“Lives of the Eighty-Four

Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

A Sri Lankan monastery built at the capital of Anurādhapura in first century bce. The monastery was constructed for

Abhayākaragupta

Abhayākaragupta (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

Indian tantric Buddhist master who was born into a brāhmaṇa family in either Orissa or northeast India near Bengal. Sources

abhayamudrā

abhayamudrā (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Sanskrit, “the gesture of fearlessness” or “gesture of protection”; also sometimes called the gesture of granting refuge. This gesture

Abheda

Abheda (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

One of “the sixteen elders” or senior arhats in the Tibetan enumeration. See ṣoḍaśasthavira.

abhibhvāyatana

abhibhvāyatana (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

In Sanskrit, “sphere of sovereignty” or “station of mastery”; eight stages of transcendence over the sense spheres (āyatana),

abhicāra

abhicāra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Sanskrit, “magic” or “wrathful action”; in anuttarayogatantra, the fourth of the four activities (caturkarman) of the

Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha

Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

In Pāli, “Summary of the Meaning of Abhidharma”; a synoptic manual of Pāli abhidharma written by the Sri Lankan monk

Abhidhammāvatāra

Abhidhammāvatāra   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

In Pāli, “Introduction to Abhidhamma”; a primer of Pāli abhidhamma attributed to Buddhadatta (c. fifth century ce), who is

abhidhammika

abhidhammika   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

In Pāli, “specialist in the abhidhamma”; scholarly monks who specialized in study of the abhidhamma (S. abhidharma) section

Abhidhānappadīpikā

Abhidhānappadīpikā   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

A Pāli dictionary of synonyms attributed to the twelfth-century Sinhalese scholar–monk Moggallāna, which, in style and method, is similar to

Abhidhānottaratantra

Abhidhānottaratantra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

In Sanskrit, “Continuation of the Explanation [of the Cakrasaṃvaratantra]”; an Indian text describing the invocation of numerous tantric deities

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