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1900s

1900s: 1900 - 1909  

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Current Version:
2012
Daimler cars develop a new brand using the name Mercedes, that of the ten-year-old daughter of the investor and distributor Emil Jellinek
1910s

1910s: 1910 - 1919  

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Current Version:
2012
D.W. Griffith directs In Old California, the first film shot in the California village of Hollywood
1920s

1920s: 1922 - 1929  

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Current Version:
2012
James Joyce's novel Ulysses is published in Paris, by Sylvia Beach, because of censorship problems elsewhere
1930s

1930s: 1930 - 1939  

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Current Version:
2012
René Clair blends satire and surrealism in his film Sous les Toits de Paris, a dark comedy about a Parisian street singer
1940s

1940s: 1940 - 1949  

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Current Version:
2012
American Ballet Theatre, directed by Lucia Chase and Richard Pleasant, begins its first season in New York
19th century

19th century: 1800 - 1900  

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2012
Napoleon appoints a commission to prepare a code of civil law, which becomes known as the Code Napoléon
20th century

20th century: 1900 - 1999  

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2012
Daimler cars develop a new brand using the name Mercedes, that of the ten-year-old daughter of the investor and distributor Emil Jellinek
Aagje Deken

Aagje Deken  

(1741–1804), Dutch woman of letters. Deken was the author, in close collaboration with Betje Wolff-Bekker, of closely observed epistolary novels in Dutch, among them De Historie van Mejuffrouw Sara ...
ABAHAI

ABAHAI (Nov. 28, 1592–1643, Sept. 21)   Reference library

Fang Chao-ying

Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period (Rev)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,109 words

was the eighth son of *Nurhaci. He had two reign titles, Tiancong 天聰 (1627–36), and Chongde 崇德 (1636–44). His mother, Empress Xiaoci ...

ABATAI

ABATAI (July 27, 1589–1646, May 10)   Reference library

George A. Kennedy

Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period (Rev)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
602 words

was the seventh son of Taizu (*Nurhaci). Although he took part in the expedition against the Weji tribe in 1611 and against the Jarut tribe of Mongols in 1623, he was thirty-eight ...

Abbadie, Jacques

Abbadie, Jacques (1654?–1727)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,068 words

(1654?–1727), Huguenot pastor in Berlin and London (1680–1699), dean of Killaloe in Ireland (1699–1727),

Abbt, Thomas

Abbt, Thomas (1738–1766)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
587 words

(1738–1766), German philosopher.

In 1756, after graduating from an academic secondary school (Gymnasium), the highly

Abernethy, John

Abernethy, John (1764–1831)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1831),

as president of the Royal College of Surgeons, one of the most influential men in the medical

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,040 words

When the Académie was founded in 1635, its essential role was to purify and standardize the French language and

Academies

Academies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
11,662 words
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This entry contains six subentries, dealing with academies in Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy,

Academies

Academies   Reference library

J. M. Opal

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

As vehicles for Enlightenment ideas about human potential and social progress, academies played a vital role in the cultural and

Ackermann, Rudolph

Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1834),

publisher and bookseller. Born in Saxony, Ackermann moved to London in the 1780s, where, after a

Acontius, Jacobus

Acontius, Jacobus (1520–1567)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
543 words

(also Jacob; Ital, Giacomo Aconcio; c.1520–1567), one of the most influential proponents of the idea of toleration

Acquaviva, Claudio

Acquaviva, Claudio (1543–1615)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
570 words

(Lat., Aquaviva; 1543–1615), fifth general of the Society of Jesus, 1581–1615.

A younger son of the Neapolitan duke

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