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‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr

‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
One of the wives of *Muhammad and the daughter of the first *caliph, *Abu Bakr (r. 622–4). She died in 678. She married Muhammad at the age of 9, and was his close confidante. She was also ... More
‘A’isha bt. Talha

‘A’isha bt. Talha   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Daughter of *Muhammad’s *Companion *Talha b. ‘Ubayd Allah. She was also the niece of *‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr...

Aachen ambo ivories

Aachen ambo ivories   Reference library

John Hanson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The *ambo at the cathedral in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) is embellished with six *ivories probably of the early 8th century from Late Antique ...

Ab Actis

Ab Actis   Reference library

Alexander Skinner

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A senior member of the *officium of a *Praefectus Praetorio, *Praefectus Urbi, *Vicarius, or provincial *...

Aba I, Mar

Aba I, Mar (552)   Reference library

J. F. Coakley

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Author and *catholicus of the *Church of the East. He was a former Persian official converted from *...

Abasgia

Abasgia   Reference library

Manana Odisheli

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Abasgia occupied the north-east shore of the Black Sea. It was part of Colchis where the *cities of Gyenos (Ochamchire), ...

‘Abbasids

‘Abbasids ((in Umayyad times))   Reference library

Konstantin Klein and Andrew Marsham

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Caliphal dynasty (750–1258) who seized the *caliphate from the *Umayyads in the so-called ‘Abbasid Revolution of 747–50. The ‘Abbasids took their eponym from their ancestor al-‘Abbas (d. ... More
Abbayei

Abbayei (278–338)   Reference library

Isaiah Gafni

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Head of the Babylonian rabbinic academy of *Pumbedita. Following the early deaths of his parents, Abbayei was raised by his uncle Rabbah bar Nahmani, who may have applied the nickname ... More
Abbo

Abbo (751)   Reference library

Hans Hummer

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Rector of Maurienne and Susa (726) and probably *Patricius of *Provence (739–c.751). He founded the *...

‘Abd al-Hamid b. Yahya al-Katib

‘Abd al-Hamid b. Yahya al-Katib (750)   Reference library

Adrian de Gifis

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Secretary for the Umayyad caliphs *Hisham b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwan (r. 724–43) and *Marwan II (r. 744–50). His early education probably covered the ...

‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān

‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwān (646–705)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

*Umayyad *caliph (r. 685 or 692–705), builder of the *Dome of the Rock on Temple Mount, *...

‘Abd al-Rahman b. al-Ash‘ath

‘Abd al-Rahman b. al-Ash‘ath (704)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Arab military commander and rebel. ‘Abd al-Rahman sided with *‘Abd al-Malik during the Second *Arab Civil War (...

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar (693)   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A son of the *caliph *‘Umar b. al-Khattab, famous for his character and scrupulousness in the transmission of ...

‘Abd Allah b. al-‘Abbas

‘Abd Allah b. al-‘Abbas (688)   Reference library

Rasheed Hosein and Andrew Marsham

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

was a son of one of the Prophet *Muhammad’s uncles. In the period after Muhammad’s death, Ibn ‘Abbas was instrumental in opening up scholarship on the ...

‘Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr

‘Abd Allah b. al-Zubayr (624–91/2)   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

*Caliph (r. c.684–91/2) during the Second *Arab Civil War (*Fitna). Grandson of the first ...

‘Abd Allah b. Mu‘awiya

‘Abd Allah b. Mu‘awiya (748)   Reference library

Adrian de Gifis

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Great-grandson of Ja‘far b. Abi Talib (brother of *‘Ali) and contender for the imamate (744–8). With Zaydi support, he briefly controlled ...

‘Abd Allah b. Shihab al-Zuhri

‘Abd Allah b. Shihab al-Zuhri (742)   Reference library

Rasheed Hosein

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
One of the most important figures in the formation, development, and interpretation of the Islamic tradition, al-Zuhri is viewed positively for his contributions, and negatively for his ... More
Abdishoʿ

Abdishoʿ (1318)   Reference library

Hubert Kaufhold and István Perczel

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Abdishoʿ bar Brika, *Metropolitan of *Nisibis, is the last important east *Syriac writer. His Nomocanon (1290) and ...

Abgar legend

Abgar legend   Reference library

Alain Desreumaux

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Widely credited set of stories based on the apocryphal correspondence between Jesus and King Abgar of *Edessa. *Eusebius...

Abila

Abila   Reference library

Marlena Whiting

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
City of the Decapolis in *Palaestina Secunda, located c.80 km (50 miles) north-east of *Amman (Jordan). Occupation dates from the Early Bronze Age, with significant expansion in the Roman ... More

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