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419

419   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

A popular term in parts of West Africa that refers to scams, fraud, and confidence tricksters. Originating in Nigeria, ‘...

9/11

9/11   Reference library

Jeffrey Melnick

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,372 words

Almost immediately after four hijacked planes crashed on 11 September 2011 conversations started about how the tragedy should be understood

9/11

9/11   Reference library

Michael Cox

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,843 words

Judging the significance of any major event is never easy. Inevitably, new events come along to make what once appeared

A

A   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

The first letter of the modern English alphabet was known as ailm [pine] in the ogham alphabet of early Ireland.

à Becket, Thomas, Jr.

à Becket, Thomas, Jr. (19 July 1843)   Reference library

Martha Furman Schleifer

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
250 words

He studied music with his father Thomas à Becket Sr. (b 17 March 1808; d 6 Jan 1890

A&M.

A&M.   Reference library

David Buckley

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
286 words

Record company. It was founded in Los Angeles in 1962 by the former US army trumpeter Herb Alpert and the

A&W Root Beer Stands

A&W Root Beer Stands   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

On 20 June 1919, Roy Allen opened a root beer stand in Lodi, California, brewing the beverage from a

A-R Editions

A-R Editions   Reference library

Jean M. Bonin

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
193 words

Firm of music publishers. It was founded in New Haven in 1962 by Gary J.N. Aamodt and Clyde Rykken to

Aa Gym

Aa Gym   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

Abdullah Gymnastiar (b.1962) is an Indonesianpreacher popularly known as Aa (elder brother) Gym. Despite minimal orthodox

Aachen

Aachen (North Rhine–Westphalia/Germany)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Derived from the Old High German aha ‘water’, a reference to the springs here. The springs of Grannus were named after the Celtic god of healing and later used as baths by the Romans. The ... More
Aali, Halil

Aali, Halil   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Ernest Laurent and Léon Galand. Subsequently he showed his works

Aalsmeer

Aalsmeer (The Netherlands)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A municipality with a name meaning ‘Eel Lake’ from aal ‘eel’, and meer ‘lake’ which was known for its eels....

Aarau

Aarau (Switzerland)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Located on the River Aare from which it gets its name. Au is a form of Aue ‘meadow’. Founded in ...

Aargau

Aargau (Switzerland)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A canton which joined the Swiss Confederation in 1803. It is drained by the River Aare from which it takes its name with the additional German ...

Aaron

Aaron (1698)   Reference library

Eva Maria Siebert–Johnson

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

The first ordained Protestant Indian pastor, Aaron was the son of Chokkanathan, a well-to-do businessman. Aaron's Hindu name was

Aaron

Aaron   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Aaron was the older brother and sometimes spokesman for the Hebrew hero Moses in the Hebrew Bible (Torah).

Aasiaat

Aasiaat (Greenland/Denmark)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
‘The Spiders’ in Inuktitut. The original Inuktitut name was Asiaat. In the centre of a populated region on the west coast of Greenland, the name gives the idea of a spider’s web, although ... More
Abac

Abac   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

Irish for Afanc.

Abacha, Sani

Abacha, Sani (1943–1998)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

Sani Abacha attended primary and secondary school in his home state of Kano and then joined the army in 1962

Abacus

Abacus   Reference library

Margaret SANKEY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Considered to be the first computer, the abacus has been used since ancient times by a number of civilizations for basic arithmetical calculations. It is still used as a ... More

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