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A-frame building

A-frame building   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

A triangular-shaped building with a steeply sloping roof that extends to ground level.

abacus

abacus   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

In classical architecture, the flat uppermost slab at the top of the *capital of a column.

abandonment of work

abandonment of work   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
To leave site and refuse to continue work. Must entail a complete stoppage of work with a clear intention not to continue or complete the work. The term is often used in arbitration and ... More
abatement of action

abatement of action   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

An interruption of legal proceedings. A party, normally the defendant, serves an application of abatement giving reasons why proceedings should not continue....

ABE fermentation

ABE fermentation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

Another name for the *Weizmann process used for the production of acetone, butanol, and ethanol using the acid-resistant bacterium ...

aberration

aberration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A defect in the image produced by an optical or electronic lens system.

abeyance

abeyance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
1. A state of suspension, temporarily inactive, cessation or put to one side for a period of time. 2. When the ownership of a property has not yet been ... More
abioseston

abioseston   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

Non-living particulate matter found floating in watercourses.

abiotic

abiotic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

Non-living chemical and physical matter (not biological). Abiotic components are parts of the environment; water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature, soil, and climate....

ablation

ablation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
The removal of material by *erosion, *evaporation, or *chemical reaction. For short-term protection against high temperatures as a form of fire protection or fireproofing of process ... More
ablation cooling

ablation cooling   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

The cooling of a surface exposed to very high external gas temperature which causes the surface material to sublime, melt or decompose. The chemical ...

ablution fitting

ablution fitting   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

A large communal sanitary fitting used to perform ritual washing.

Abney level

Abney level   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

A hand-held instrument to measure vertical angles. See also clinometer.

above grade

above grade   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

A higher elevation than ground level. See also above ground level.

above ground level

above ground level   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

1. The height above ground level.

2. Work undertaken on a building after the building has come out of the ground....

abradant

abradant   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
The differently sized grits of hard materials such as emery employed for grinding, polishing, etc. The abrasive grade is determined by the grit size (grit number) originally related to the ... More
Abram’s law

Abram’s law   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

A rule that states the strength of concrete (or mortar) is inversely related to the water/cement (w/c) ratio. Provided there is sufficient water to ensure that the ...

abrasion

abrasion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
The removal of surface material by the scratching action of hard particles, either deliberately (abrasive papers, abrasive cleaning, abrasive machining) or as a consequence of operation ... More
abrasion

abrasion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

The wearing away of one material against another by *friction.

abrasion resistance

abrasion resistance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

The ability of a finish to withstand wear.

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