A&P Reference library
A&P dominated the grocery business in the United States for much of the twentieth century. It had a particularly large
A&W Root Beer Stands Reference library
Andrew F. Smith
On 20 June 1919, Roy Allen opened a root beer stand in Lodi, California, brewing the beverage from a
Abalone Reference library
Sandra L. Oliver
Now considered a luxury shellfish, abalone is found on the Pacific Rim and along the coast of California. The commercial
abbey beers Reference library
are beers produced in the styles made famous by Belgian Trappist monks, but not actually brewed within the walls of a monastery. Today, the terms “Trappist,” “Trappistes,” and “Trappisten” or any similar derivation comprise an “appellation ...
abdominal contraction Quick reference
An easy and effective exercise for strengthening the abdominal muscles. It may be performed almost anytime and anywhere, while sitting, standing, or lying down. All you need to do is tense your abdominal (stomach) muscles for a few seconds while breathing out. This causes the muscles to contract without producing any movement of the trunk and hips. Be careful not to overstrain. ...
abdominal hold Quick reference
An exercise to test and develop your ability to sustain contractions of abdominal muscles.
▪ Lie on your back with your knees bent and your lower back pressed gently into the floor. Place your hands in a relaxed position on the top of your thighs. Keep your lower back flat on the floor and slowly curl up to touch your knees with your hands; hold the position for as long as possible: 35 to 60 seconds indicates a good level of endurance. Beginners should not attempt to hold for more than 60 seconds....
abdominal muscles Quick reference
Four pairs of muscles, often referred to as the stomach muscles, that support and protect the contents of the abdomen and help you to breathe out forcibly. (The technical names for the four pairs of muscles are the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, and the transversus abdominis.) Strong and healthy abdominal muscles support the back during lifting by stabilizing the vertebral column. If the muscles are weakened by lack of exercise they become pendulous, forming a ‘pot-belly’. Despite claims to the contrary (...
abductor Quick reference
A muscle that moves a part of the body away from the midline, or causes the fingers or toes to spread apart....
abductor raise Quick reference
A simple exercise for strengthening the abductor muscles in the groin.
▪ Lie on your right side with both legs straight and together. Support your upper body with your right arm. Lift your left leg upwards slowly and smoothly; arch your back slightly so that the leg does not move forwards. Hold the position for a few seconds then gently lower the leg. Repeat the exercise on the other side....
A beer engine Reference library
also known as a hand pump, is a uniquely British dispensing device that is specifically appropriate for traditional cask-conditioned ales. The beer engine is a piston pump that allows the casks to be kept in a cooler cellar below the bar and the beer to be pulled or drawn up to the bar. Cask-conditioned beers have lower carbonation than standard beers because they are usually served at about 11°C to 14°C (approximately 52°F to 57°F). If a cask-conditioned ale were served through a standard dispensing system, the gas pressure and colder temperature would increase the carbonation of the beer, which would then lose its ideal balance of flavors. ...