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A

A   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The 1st letter of the Roman alphabet as used for English. It descends from the Phoenician symbol for a glottal stop...

A

A   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
116 words
1. Abbreviation for adjective; hence AP for *adjective phrase. 2. The *argument of a *transitive verb whose semantic roles include that of ... More
‘A-over-A condition’

‘A-over-A condition’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
50 words
An *island condition proposed in the 1960s, by which a constituent of class A, if part of a larger constituent also of class A, could not be involved in operations which crossed the ... More
AA(V)E

AA(V)E   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
7 words

Abbreviation for African American (Vernacular) English.

Aave

Aave   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
7 words

Abbreviation for African American Vernacular English.

abacus

abacus   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
452 words

A mechanical device for making arithmetic calculations, the abacus is a precursor to, and a very primitive form of a

abbreviated clause

abbreviated clause   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
5 words

See reduced clause.

Abbreviation

Abbreviation   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
456 words

As a morphological process (also called “shortening” or “clipping”), distinct from coding (ORD, the airline symbol for Chicago's

Abbreviation

Abbreviation   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,245 words

A word formation process involving the shortening of words and phrases in a variety of ways, such as in RADAR...

abbreviatory convention

abbreviatory convention   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
93 words

Any convention that allows the expression of two or more *rules (2) to be combined into one. E.g. a ...

abduction

abduction (1)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
24 words

Movement away from a central line. The *vocal cords are thus abducted when they are drawn apart. The opposite of adduction....

abduction

abduction (2)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
206 words
Used variously of forms of reasoning in which conclusions are no more than probable. Thus especially of one by which, e.g. from ‘All dogs bark’ and ‘This animal barks’, the conclusion is ... More
abductive reasoning

abductive reasoning   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,246 words

is the process of adopting an explanatory hypothesis, which according to Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) is the first

Abélard, Pierre

Abélard, Pierre (1079–1142)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,617 words

(1079–1142),

French theologian and philosopher. Born and schooled in Brittany, Abélard studied in Paris under the philosophers

abessive

abessive   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
29 words

*Case indicating that someone or something is absent: e.g. schematically, I came money-abess ‘I came without money’. From Latin ...

abjad

abjad   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
26 words

From the first four letters of the Arabic writing system, as ‘alphabet’ is from ‘alpha’ plus ‘beta’. Thence applied to ...

Abkhaz

Abkhaz   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
22 words

North West *Caucasian language, spoken between the west end of the Caucasus Mountains and the coast of the Black Sea....

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
453 words
Illustration(s):
1

Also called Northwest Caucasian or West Caucasian languages. They are spoken primarily in the northwestern Caucasus, though there are also

ablative

ablative   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
42 words

*Inflection whose basic role, or one of whose basic roles, is to indicate movement away from some location: e.g. in Latin ...

ablative absolute

ablative absolute   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
50 words
*Absolute construction in Latin in which a participle and its subject are in the ablative case and are subordinated, with no other mark of linkage, to the rest of the sentence: e.g. in the ... More

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