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Aachen, Hans von

Aachen, Hans von   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
132 words

(1552–1615),

German painter, born in Cologne, the son of a native of Aachen. He studied and worked in Italy from ...

Aal, Johannes

Aal, Johannes   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(c.1500–1551),

Swiss playwright. Aal's Catholic convictions forced him into exile in Freiburg im Breisgau. When the Catholic Church was reinstated in Solothurn in ...

abacus

abacus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
144 words
The abacus uses counters to carry out operations in arithmetic. In the Renaissance the instrument usually took the form of a board with lines to mark the positions for counters. More ... More
abacus schools

abacus schools   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
404 words
From the late thirteenth century onwards, many towns and guilds paid an ‘abacus master’ to teach mathematics to a given number of boys who intended to engage in commerce or the crafts. ... More
Abaquesne, Masséot

Abaquesne, Masséot   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
(fl.1528–64), French potter who established the manufacturing of Faience in Rouen. His workshop specialized in tile pavements decorated with heraldic designs and mythological, ... More
Abravanel, Isaac

Abravanel, Isaac   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
233 words

(1437–1508),

Portuguese Jewish statesman, banker, and scholar, born in Lisbon and educated in both rabbinical and Latin learning. In ...

Abril, Pedro Simón

Abril, Pedro Simón   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
165 words

(c.1530–c.1595),

Spanish humanist, born in Alcaraz (La Mancha). Abril taught for 25 years at Zaragoza University. His translations into Castilian included ...

academies

academies   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
1,418 words
The learned societies of Renaissance Europe adopted the term ‘academy’ in imitation of the Academy established by Plato, whose school was named after Academus, the mythical hero who was ... More
Acanthus

Acanthus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

A Mediterranean plant for which the English vernacular name is bear's breech. The scalloped leaves of Acanthus spinosus were, according to ...

Acarie, Barbe Jeanne

Acarie, Barbe Jeanne   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
201 words

(1566–1618),

French Carmelite, born in Paris, the daughter of a royal councillor, and educated by the Poor Clares (French Clarisses, the second ...

Acciaiuoli, Donato

Acciaiuoli, Donato   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
122 words

(1429–78),

Florentine scholar and statesman, a scion of the Acciaiuoli family. He studied Greek with John Argyropoulos and with his assistance wrote commentaries on ...

Acciaiuoli family

Acciaiuoli family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
237 words

Members of the Acciaiuoli family migrated to Florence from Bergamo in the twelfth century, and established themselves in business and ...

Accolti family

Accolti family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
439 words

The Arezzo family of the Accolti produced jurists, churchmen, and writers for centuries. The family had already produced several distinguished jurists when ...

Accoramboni, Vittoria

Accoramboni, Vittoria   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
473 words

(1557–85),

Born in Gubbio on 15 February 1557; she moved to Rome as a child, and at the age of 16 married Francesco Peretti, a nephew of ...

Ackermann, Hans

Ackermann, Hans   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(fl. 1530s),

German author of two biblical plays performed in Zwickau; both Der verlorene Sohn (1536) and ...

Acontius, Jacobus

Acontius, Jacobus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
189 words

(1492–1566),

Tolerationist theologian and engineer. He was born in Trento (Trentino) and migrated to escape persecution, first to Basel and then to Zürich. His ...

acorn cup

acorn cup   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

In late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century England, a stemmed cup made of silver or gold in which the bowl and lid are shaped like an acorn cup, i.e. the shell (...

Acosta, José de

Acosta, José de   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
307 words

(1539–1600),

Spanish missionary and naturalist, born in Medina del Campo; he joined the Jesuits in 1551. In 1571...

Acuña, Fernando de

Acuña, Fernando de   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
105 words

(c.1520–c.1580),

Spanish soldier, poet, and translator, born in Valladolid; he served as a soldier in Germany, Italy, and Tunisia. His Italianate ...

Adamson, Patrick

Adamson, Patrick   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
103 words
(1537–92). Created archbishop of St Andrews in 1576 and ambassador to London between 1583 and 1584, Adamson was an opponent of the presbyterian party in Scotland. Although he had ... More

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