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abacus

abacus   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
37 words

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom

῾Abbasid Caliphate

῾Abbasid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,837 words
Illustration(s):
1

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abbasids

Abbasids   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
18 words

[CP]

An Arab dynasty descended from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad, who supplanted the Umayyads in ad 750.

Abbeville, France

Abbeville, France   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
64 words

[Si]

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained

Abbevillian

Abbevillian   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
39 words

[CP]

Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint

abbey

abbey   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
35 words

1 [De] A community of monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess.

2 [MC] A general term used

ABC Model

ABC Model   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
115 words

[De]

A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher Hawkes in 1931,

Abejas Phase

Abejas Phase   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
58 words

[CP]

Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000bc, marked

Abel, Félix-Marie

Abel, Félix-Marie (1878–1953)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
427 words

(1878–1953), professor

of history and geography at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem from 1905 to

Abercrombie Caves

Abercrombie Caves   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
74 words

A series of limestone arch caves situated in the Central West region of New South Wales. The caves were officially

Abercromby, Lord John

Abercromby, Lord John (1841–1924)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
191 words

(1841–1924) [Bi]

Scottish antiquary who specialized in the prehistory of northwest Europe. Born the 5th Baron of Aboukir

Åberg, Nils

Åberg, Nils (1888–1957)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
77 words

(1888–1957) [Bi]

Swedish archaeologist and scholar with wide interests in European prehistory. A pupil of Oscar Montelius and

Abila

Abila   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,556 words
Illustration(s):
1

city of the Decapolis, located about 15 km (9 mi.) north-northeast of Irbid in northern Jordan. Abila has an occupational

Abingdon ware

Abingdon ware   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
40 words

[Ar]

A type of middle Neolithic round‐bottomed decorated pottery found in the upper Thames valley and central parts of England,

aborigines

aborigines   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
32 words

[Ge]

Derived from the Latin aborigine, extended to mean the original inhabitants of a country. When used as a

absolute dating

absolute dating   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
127 words

[De]

General term applied to a range of techniques that provide estimates of the age of objects, materials, or sites

Abu Ḥamid, Tell

Abu Ḥamid, Tell   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,109 words
Illustration(s):
1

site located in the Jordan Valley, at 240 m below sea level, on Lisan marl deposits between two small wadis

Abu Hawam, Tell

Abu Hawam, Tell   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
504 words

10-acre mound on the Mediterranean coast near where the Kishon River empties into the bay of Haifa (map reference 151

Abu Salabikh

Abu Salabikh   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,136 words

(modern name, Ar., Tell or Īšān Abū eṣ-Ṣalābīḫ [“father of clinker”]),

city of the fourth and third millennia in southern

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
992 words

colossal temple complex located in the northern Sudan about 200 km (186 mi.) up the Nile from Aswan (22°21′ N,

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