Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, The Royal Reference library
Joseph A. Kéchichian
The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought is an independent non-governmental institute headquartered in Amman, Jordan, whose ultimate purpose
Aam Aadmi Party Quick reference
A political party in India. It was set up in November 2012, its origins lying in differences between leading anti-...
AB 540 Reference library
AB 540 (Assembly Bill 540; California Education Code 68130.5) is a bill signed into law in California in 2001 that
Abdu, Muhammad (1849–1905) Quick reference
Egyptian religious scholar and one of the founders of Islamic modernism. A student of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Muhammad Abdu drew on al-Afghani’s advocacy of pan-Islamism as a tool of resistance to European colonialism. Abdu became a leading figure in an intellectual movement that sought to reform and strengthen Islam to better adapt to the demands of ‘modernity’ and address the political dominance of ‘modern’ European colonial powers in the Arab world. Abdu’s works countered notions of automatic obedience to religious dogma and argued for a balance between reason and revelation....