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A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr

A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr  

(b. 25 February 1928; d. 14 December 1998),legal scholar, author, historian, civil rights advocate, and prominent federal judge. Brought up in humble circumstances in Trenton, New Jersey, Aloysius ...
A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
Aaron Henry

Aaron Henry  

(b. 2 July 1922; d. 19 May 1997),civil rights activist and politician. Born in Dublin, Mississippi, to sharecroppers who encouraged him to get an education, Aaron Henry joined the ...
Aaron McGruder

Aaron McGruder  

Since its creation by Aaron McGruder (b. 29 May 1974), The Boondocks has filled mailbags of newspaper editors across the country with congratulatory and condemning letters. Taking on racial injustice ...
Aaron, Hank

Aaron, Hank (b. 5 February 1934)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,478 words
Illustration(s):
1

(b. 5 February 1934),

baseball player, baseball executive, civil rights advocate, and businessman. Henry

Abacha, Sani

Abacha, Sani (1943–1998)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

Sani Abacha attended primary and secondary school in his home state of Kano and then joined the army in 1962

Abacha, Sani

Abacha, Sani (1943)   Reference library

cajetan n. iheka

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,274 words
Nigerian military officer and military head of state, was born on 20 September 1943 to the Abacha family in the northern state of Kano, Nigeria. Abacha attended the City Senior Primary ... More
Abacus

Abacus   Reference library

Margaret SANKEY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Considered to be the first computer, the abacus has been used since ancient times by a number of civilizations for basic arithmetical calculations. It is still used as a ... More
Abani, Chris

Abani, Chris (1966)   Reference library

ariel bookman

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
958 words
Nigerian novelist, poet, dramatist, educator, and political activist, was born Christopher Uchechukwu Andrew Abani, on 27 December 1966, in Afikpo, Nigeria. Abani’s life has been ... More
Abar

Abar ((fl. seventh century BCE))   Reference library

a. k. vinogradov

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,254 words
queen of Kush, was the mother of Taharqa (ruled c. 690–664 BCE), the most remarkable king of the period of the Kushite domination in Egypt (the Twenty-Fifth, “Ethiopian,” Dynasty). Her ... More
Abba, Bagibo I

Abba, Bagibo I (1802)   Reference library

mohammed hassen ali

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
851 words
king of one of the five Oromo states of the Gibe region in southwestern Ethiopia during the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the richest prince, whose reign marked the golden ... More
Abba, Jifar II

Abba, Jifar II (1861)   Reference library

mohammed hassen ali

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,218 words
Oromo king of the Gibe region, in southwestern Ethiopia, was crowned in 1878. A year after his accession to power, Abba Jifar invaded the neighboring Oromo state of Gera with around twenty ... More
Abba, Jobir

Abba, Jobir (1900)   Reference library

mohammed hassen ali

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
783 words
last king of the kingdom of Jimma in Ethiopia, scholar, was born in Jiren, the political capital and commercial center of southwestern Ethiopia. As a young man Abba Jobir received the best ... More
Abbadie de Saint-Castin, Jean-Vincent d'

Abbadie de Saint-Castin, Jean-Vincent d' (1652–1707)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
127 words

(1652–1707), nobleman, soldier, chief of the Abenaki.

Poet Alden Nowlan vividly sketches Saint-Castin's contradictions: ‘you exile from the

Abbas, Ferhat

Abbas, Ferhat (1899)   Reference library

jeremy rich

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,074 words
Algerian politician and public intellectual, was born on 24 October 1899 in the village of Chahna, located six miles south of the Algerian town of Taher. His parents belonged to a peasant ... More
ʿAbbas Hilmi II

ʿAbbas Hilmi II (1874)   Reference library

israel gershoni

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,155 words
Illustration(s):
1
the third and last khedive of Egypt, ruled the country from 1892 to 1914. ʿAbbas was the seventh ruler in Mehmet ʿAli’s dynasty, which was established in the early nineteenth century. ... More
Abbe, Gubegna

Abbe, Gubegna (1933)   Reference library

baye yimam

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
915 words
Ethiopian intellectual, novelist, playwright, and poet, was born on 1 July 1933 in Gojjam Province, Ethiopia. He was one of the prominent literary figures in modern Ethiopian literature, ... More
Abbey theatre

Abbey theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
253 words

Dublin, created in 1904 as a successor to the Irish Literary theatre founded in Dublin 1899 by littérateurs (including Yeats

abbeys and priories

abbeys and priories   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
177 words

Abbots were the spiritual heads of the larger monasteries (abbesses for nuns), with priors in charge of smaller or daughter

abbeys and priories

abbeys and priories   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
171 words
Abbots were the spiritual heads of the larger monasteries (abbesses for nuns), with priors in charge of smaller or daughter houses. Until the Reformation some 27 mainly ‘mitred abbots’ ... More

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