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ABAHAI

ABAHAI (Nov. 28, 1592–1643, Sept. 21)   Reference library

Fang Chao-ying

Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period (Rev)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,109 words

was the eighth son of *Nurhaci. He had two reign titles, Tiancong 天聰 (1627–36), and Chongde 崇德 (1636–44). His mother, Empress Xiaoci ...

ABATAI

ABATAI (July 27, 1589–1646, May 10)   Reference library

George A. Kennedy

Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period (Rev)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
602 words

was the seventh son of Taizu (*Nurhaci). Although he took part in the expedition against the Weji tribe in 1611 and against the Jarut tribe of Mongols in 1623, he was thirty-eight ...

Abbadie, Jacques

Abbadie, Jacques (1654?–1727)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,068 words

(1654?–1727), Huguenot pastor in Berlin and London (1680–1699), dean of Killaloe in Ireland (1699–1727),

Abbt, Thomas

Abbt, Thomas (1738–1766)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
587 words

(1738–1766), German philosopher.

In 1756, after graduating from an academic secondary school (Gymnasium), the highly

Abernethy, John

Abernethy, John (1764–1831)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1831),

as president of the Royal College of Surgeons, one of the most influential men in the medical

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,040 words

When the Académie was founded in 1635, its essential role was to purify and standardize the French language and

Academies

Academies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
11,662 words
Illustration(s):
1

This entry contains six subentries, dealing with academies in Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy,

Academies

Academies   Reference library

J. M. Opal

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

As vehicles for Enlightenment ideas about human potential and social progress, academies played a vital role in the cultural and

Ackermann, Rudolph

Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1834),

publisher and bookseller. Born in Saxony, Ackermann moved to London in the 1780s, where, after a

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