## A/D converter Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A device that can accept an analogue, i.e. continuous, signal whose amplitude lies within a given range, and produce an equivalent digital signal, i.e. an ...

## Aalen model Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

A *linear regression model describing the manner in which the *expected value of a response variable, *Z*(...

## absolute value Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

For any real number the absolute value (also called the *modulus) of denoted by is itself if and ...

## absorption laws Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

The two self-dual lawsx∨(x∧y)=xx∧(x∨y)...

## abstract data type Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A *data type that is defined solely in terms of the operations that apply to objects of the type without commitment as to how the value of such an object is to be represented (...

## abstract reduction system Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A general characterization of the process of deriving or transforming data by means of rules. It is an abstraction based primarily on examples of ...

## acceptance–rejection algorithm Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

A method for generating values of a *continuous random variable for use in a *simulation. Suppose that the random variable ...

## access vector Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A vector that is used in the representation of a *ragged array. For example, the elements of a row-ragged array, ...

## Ackermann function Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

The *function *A* defined inductively on pairs of nonnegative integers in the following manner:A(0,n)...

## adder Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

In its simplest form, a digital electronic device that performs the operation of addition on two binary digits, the augend...

## addition ((of complex numbers)) Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Let the complex numbers *z*
_{1} and *z*
_{2}, where *z*
_{1}=*a*+*bi* and *z*
_{2}=...

## addition ((of vectors)) Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Given vectors **a** and **b**, let and be *directed line segments that represent **a** and **b**, with the same initial point ...

## addition law for probabilities Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Law stating that if two events (*see*
*A* and *B* are *mutually exclusive thenFor example, the ...

## adjacency matrix Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

For a *simple graph *G*, with *n* vertices *v*
_{1}, *v*
_{2},…, *v*
_{
n
}, the adjacency matrix **A...**

## adjacency matrix Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A *matrix used as a means of representing an *adjacency structure, which in turn represents a *graph...

## adjacency structure Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A means of representing a *graph. The adjacency structure corresponding to a *path *G* is the set{...

## adjacent angles Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

A pair of angles on a straight line formed by a line or half-line meeting it. Adjacent angles will add to 180°....

## adjoint Quick reference

### The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

The adjoint of a square matrix **A**, denoted by adj **A**, is the transpose of the matrix of cofactors of ...

## agglomerative clustering methods Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

## Aitken’s Δ2 process Quick reference

### A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

A method to convert any convergent sequence {*x _{n}
*} into a more rapidly convergent sequence {

*x*

_{n...}