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9/11

9/11   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
655 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term “9/11” is shorthand for the events of 11 September 2001. On that date, four U.S. planes were

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

1 General introduction 2 Writing systems 3 Dating systems 4 Book forms 5 Printed books

1 General introduction

The region of

A&P

A&P   Reference library

Tracey Deutsch

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,332 words
Illustration(s):
1

A&P dominated the grocery business in the United States for much of the twentieth century. It had a particularly large

Aachen

Aachen   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
3,315 words
Illustration(s):
3

City in Nordrhein-Westfalia, Germany. It was the birthplace and residence of Charlemagne, ruler of the Frankish Kingdom, and remained associated

Aachen

Aachen   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
477 words
Illustration(s):
1

Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) is situated to the north of the Eifel massif. Its hot springs were known to the Romans, who

Aachen

Aachen   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
110 words
Illustration(s):
1

(town, palace) West central German town, known for its hot springs. Aachen’s significance is linked to *Charlemagne, who created

Aachen [Aach; Ach; Acha], Hans [Johann; Joan] von

Aachen [Aach; Ach; Acha], Hans [Johann; Joan] von (1552)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,022 words
Illustration(s):
2

(b Cologne, 1552; d Prague, 4 March 1615).

German painter and draughtsman, active also

Aalen model

Aalen model   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
56 words
Illustration(s):
1

A *linear regression model describing the manner in which the *expected value of a response variable, Z(...

Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik

Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik (3 Feb 1898)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
136 words
Illustration(s):
1

(b Kuortane, 3 Feb 1898; d Helsinki, 11 May 1976).

Finnish architect and designer. He

Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik

Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik (1898–1976)   Reference library

Sir Colin St J. Wilson

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,619 words
Illustration(s):
1

(see modernism) He set up his practice in 1922, and contributed briefly but with distinction to the

Aardvark

Aardvark   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Mammals (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,361 words
Illustration(s):
3

Few people have had the fortune of a close encounter with the aardvark, one of Africa's most bizarre and specialized

Aaron, Hank

Aaron, Hank (b. 5 February 1934)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,478 words
Illustration(s):
1

(b. 5 February 1934),

baseball player, baseball executive, civil rights advocate, and businessman. Henry

Aaronios

Aaronios   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
265 words
Illustration(s):
1

(᾽Ααρώνιος, ᾽Ααρών), Byz. noble family descended from the last Bulgarian tsar, John Vladislav, whose wife Maria was granted the

aback

aback   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
128 words
Illustration(s):
2

the situation of the sails of a square-rigged ship when the yards are trimmed to bring the wind to bear

Abaquesne, Masséot

Abaquesne, Masséot (1520)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
155 words
Illustration(s):
1

(before 1520–before 1564).

French potter based in Rouen. Nothing is known of his work prior to the ornamental

Abate [Abbate], Nicolò [Niccolò] dell’

Abate [Abbate], Nicolò [Niccolò] dell’ (1509–12)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,856 words
Illustration(s):
1

(b Modena, 1509–12; d?Fontainebleau, 1571).

Italian painter and draughtsman. He was one of the

ʿAbbas Hilmi II

ʿAbbas Hilmi II (1874)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,145 words
Illustration(s):
1

the third and last khedive of Egypt, ruled the country from 1892 to 1914. ʿAbbas was the seventh ruler

Abbasid

Abbasid   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,471 words
Illustration(s):
1

Islamic dynasty that ruled from several capitals in Iraq between 749 and 1258. The Abbasids traced their descent from

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,214 words
Illustration(s):
3

The rise of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate was the first fissure in Islamic culture; it would eventually result in the Shīʿī

῾Abbasid Caliphate

῾Abbasid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,837 words
Illustration(s):
1

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

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