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Abolition

Abolition   Reference library

Sandra Jean Graham

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

From the mid-1830s through the Civil War, abolitionists systematically deployed songs as spiritual weaponry in the fight to eradicate slavery

Adler, Larry

Adler, Larry (10 Feb 1914)   Reference library

Ivor Beynon and Ryan Raul Bañagale

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
391 words
Illustration(s):
1

He was acknowledged as the first harmonica player to achieve recognition and acceptance in classical musical circles and to have

African American music

African American music   Reference library

Guthrie P. Ramsey Jr.

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
10,113 words
Illustration(s):
3

A term applied to distinct configurations of sound organization linked historically and socially to people of African descent living within

Afrika Bambaataa

Afrika Bambaataa (10 April 1960)   Reference library

David Toop and Margaret Jackson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
559 words
Illustration(s):
1

DJ Afrika Bambaataa's musical eclecticism and his vision of African American unity helped to shape rap music's early sound, and

Anderson, Marian

Anderson, Marian (27 Feb 1897)   Reference library

Max de Schauensee and Marti Newland

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
560 words
Illustration(s):
1

After graduating from South Philadelphia High School, she studied in her native city with Giuseppe Boghetti but was refused entry

Antheil, George

Antheil, George (8 July 1900)   Reference library

Linda Whitesitt, Charles Amirkhanian, and Susan C. Cook

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,482 words
Illustration(s):
1

1. Revolution: up to 1925. 2. Reaction: 1925–59.

1. Revolution: up to 1925.

Antheil began piano lessons when

Arab American music

Arab American music   Reference library

Kenneth S. Habib

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,176 words
Illustration(s):
4

Having come to Amrīkā (or Amērikā) from every Arabic-speaking society, Arab Americans have sought liberty and opportunity like their

Archives, sound recording and moving image

Archives, sound recording and moving image   Reference library

John Vallier

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,214 words
Illustration(s):
1

Repositories for the permanent retention, preservation, and access of sound recordings (e.g., CDs, LPs, audio cassettes, cylinders, digital audio files)

Armstrong, Louis

Armstrong, Louis (4 Aug 1901)   Reference library

Gene H. Anderson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,955 words
Illustration(s):
4

1. Life. 2. Recordings. 3. Compositions. 4. Films and shows. 5. Legacy.

1. Life.

Despite

Asian American music

Asian American music   Reference library

Eric Hung, Nancy Yunhwa Rao, Susan Miyo Asai, You Young Kang, Alison Arnold, Amy R. Catlin, and Christi-Anne Castro

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
9,939 words
Illustration(s):
2

1. Introduction. 2. East Asian American music. (i) Chinese American music. (a) Traditional instrumental ensembles. (b)

Babbitt, Milton

Babbitt, Milton (10 May 1916)   Reference library

Elaine Barkin, Martin Brody, and Judith Crispin

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,243 words
Illustration(s):
7

He contributed extensively to the understanding and extension of 12-tone compositional theory and practice and was one of the most

Baez, Joan

Baez, Joan (9 Jan 1941)   Reference library

Mark C. Samples

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
600 words
Illustration(s):
1

She was born to a Mexican father and Scottish mother. A self-taught singer and guitarist, she began performing informally for

Ballet

Ballet   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,865 words
Illustration(s):
1

The early history of ballet in America is primarily a record of visits of European artists and performances of European

Baltimore

Baltimore   Reference library

Elliott W. Galkin, N. Quist, and Ryan Ebright

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,454 words
Illustration(s):
1

Largest city in Maryland (pop. 620,961; metropolitan area: 2,799,226; 2010 US Census). First settled in 1662, Baltimore became a

Band

Band   Reference library

Raoul F. Camus

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
10,499 words
Illustration(s):
2

A musical ensemble consisting of the standard woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments. Adjectives, such as circus, college, concert, military, parade,

Barber, Samuel

Barber, Samuel (9 March 1910)   Reference library

Barbara B. Heyman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,127 words
Illustration(s):
1

One of the most honored and most frequently performed American composers in Europe and the Americas during the mid-20th century,

Bartók, Béla

Bartók, Béla (25 March 1881)   Reference library

Vera Lampert, László Somfai, H. Wiley Hitchcock, and Malcolm Gillies

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,249 words
Illustration(s):
1

Although he earned his living mainly from teaching and playing the piano and was a relentless collector and analyst of

Basie, Count

Basie, Count (21 Aug 1904)   Reference library

Wolfram Knauer

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,896 words
Illustration(s):
1

After taking piano lessons as a child, he was soon playing ragtime and show tunes at local dance events and

Beach

Beach (5 Sept 1867)   Reference library

Adrienne Fried Block and E. Douglas Bomberger

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,533 words
Illustration(s):
1

She was the first American woman to succeed as a composer of large-scale art music and was celebrated during her

Beach Boys, the

Beach Boys, the   Reference library

Rob C. Wegman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
793 words
Illustration(s):
1

Rock band. It was formed in 1961 in Hawthorne, California, by the brothers Brian (Douglas) Wilson (b Hawthorne, CA,

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