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Adaptation

Adaptation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,613 words
Illustration(s):
3

[This article contains six subentries:

adiabat

adiabat   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
A line plotted on a thermodynamic diagram, usually on a *tephigram, showing as a continuous sequence the temperature and pressure states of a parcel of air with changing height. An ... ... More
Aeronomy

Aeronomy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,555 words
Illustration(s):
1

The science of aeronomy investigates both the chemical and the physical properties of the atmosphere and the changes that occur

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Anthony Leiserowitz and Nicholas Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
10,435 words
Illustration(s):
3

Introduction

Natural scientists have described global warming as perhaps the preeminent environmental risk confronting the world in the 21st century

Africa

Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,084 words
Illustration(s):
2

One of the world's largest continents, Africa comprises more than 30 million square kilometers and several countries, and spans more

age–sex pyramid

age–sex pyramid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
A set of two histograms set back to back on a vertical axis, depicting the numbers of the two sexes by age group. In many less developed countries the pyramid will have a very wide base; ... More
Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage

Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage   Reference library

James Shanahan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
5,944 words
Illustration(s):
2

Introduction

Social scientists and media critics have often been befuddled about how and why news coverage of important issues takes

Agriculture and Climate

Agriculture and Climate   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,343 words
Illustration(s):
3

The basic industry that produces natural fiber and food for human consumption began between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago in

angular momentum

angular momentum   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

The momentum of a body taking a curved path; for a rotating planet, angular momentum is defined as the moment of the linear momentum of a particle about a point, thus:...

Animals and Climate

Animals and Climate   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,813 words
Illustration(s):
2

The responses of vertebrate animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) to climate change can be multidimensional, because their geographic

Antarctic Ice Sheet

Antarctic Ice Sheet   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,411 words
Illustration(s):
3

The Antarctic ice sheet is the world's largest ice mass, with an area of 13.83 million square kilometers; it constitutes

Antarctica

Antarctica   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,607 words
Illustration(s):
3

The southern polar continent, Antarctica, is covered by our only modern example of a continental ice sheet. It is about

Anticyclones

Anticyclones   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,433 words
Illustration(s):
2

The horizontal air circulations called anticyclones rotate clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. At the

Arctic

Arctic   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,983 words
Illustration(s):
1

The climatic regime of the Arctic is a result of the influence of the Earth's orbital geometry on day length

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
In the UK, an area in which development is very carefully considered, so that the beauty of the landscape is not diminished. The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 empowers local ... More
Arid Climates

Arid Climates   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,742 words
Illustration(s):
2

These climates are dry, with small annual accumulated precipitation—usually less than 20 centimeters per year—especially when combined with high potential

aridity

aridity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Dryness; aridity is the most common criterion for the definition and classification of drylands, occurring when *evapotranspiration exceeds precipitation (...

Asia

Asia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,894 words
Illustration(s):
1

Because of Asia's tremendous size, its regions have a wide variety of climates. These varied climates include the bitter cold

Atmosphere

Atmosphere   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,482 words
Illustration(s):
2

[This entry consists of two articles:

The first article provides a general survey of the

Atmospheric Structure

Atmospheric Structure   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,163 words
Illustration(s):
1

The vertical distribution of temperature, pressure, density, and composition of the atmosphere constitutes atmospheric structure. These quantities also vary with

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