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ʿAbbāsid Caliphate

ʿAbbāsid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,214 words
Illustration(s):
3

The rise of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate was the first fissure in Islamic culture; it would eventually result in the Shīʿī

Abdülhamid II

Abdülhamid II   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

Abdülhamid II (1842–1918) was the thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876–1909). A profound political and economic crisis

Ablutions

Ablutions   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
998 words
Illustration(s):
2

A practice that consists of washing, which introduces the Muslim into the state of ritual purity (ṭuhr) and

Afghanistan

Afghanistan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,590 words
Illustration(s):
2

In the nineteenth century Afghanistan emerged as a buffer state between the contending British Indian and tsarist Russian colonial empires.

Afshārid Dynasty

Afshārid Dynasty   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,147 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Afshārid dynasty (1736–1802) was the ruling house of Iran, founded after the abolition of the Ṣafavid dynasty

Aga Khan

Aga Khan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
706 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Nizārī Ismāʿīlī imams since the time of Ḥasan ʿAlī Shāh (d. 1881) have borne the title Aga

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,621 words
Illustration(s):
1

There are thirty-four countries with both significant agricultural sectors and majority Muslim populations. They form a broad band running from

Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud

Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
768 words
Illustration(s):
1

Dr. Mahmoud Ahmadi Nejad (Ahmadinejad) was popularly elected as the sixth President of Iran on June 24, 2005 to serve

Akbar

Akbar   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,183 words
Illustration(s):
1

Jalāluddīn Muḥammad Akbar (r. 1556–1605) is often regarded as the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Through

Akseki, Ahmet Hamdi

Akseki, Ahmet Hamdi   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,897 words
Illustration(s):
1

Ahmet Hamdi Akseki (1887–1950) was born in Gulzelsu Township of Akseki county in the province of Antalya, Turkey.

ʿAlawid Dynasty

ʿAlawid Dynasty   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,809 words
Illustration(s):
1

The ʿAlawid dynasty is a family of religious notables who gained political dominion and royal status in Morocco during the

Albania

Albania   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,633 words
Illustration(s):
1

One of only two European countries with a Muslim majority (the other is newly independent Kosovo),  Albania emerged in 1992

Algeria

Algeria   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,044 words
Illustration(s):
2

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Algeria had been a province of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries. Like

Alhambra

Alhambra   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
587 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Alhambra is the name given to the Red Castle (al-Qasr al-Hamrāʿ) built by fourteenth-century rulers of the

Andalusia

Andalusia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,496 words
Illustration(s):
1

The name “Andalusia,” for Muslim Spain, is derived from “al-Andalus,” the name used in Arabic sources to indicate those parts

Angels

Angels   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
690 words
Illustration(s):
1

Angels are mentioned in the Qurʿān both as individuals and as a group and appear to have been known to

Aqṣā, al-

Aqṣā, al-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
838 words
Illustration(s):
1

The third holiest mosque in Islam, al-Aqṣā is part of the sacred site in Jerusalem (along with the Dome of

Arab League

Arab League   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,325 words
Illustration(s):
1

Until the mid-twentieth century, the Arabs of modern times were under foreign domination, mainly Ottoman, British, and French. Their first

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,805 words
Illustration(s):
4

The origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict can be traced back more than a century, when Jews, disillusioned with prospects for

Arabic

Arabic   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,607 words
Illustration(s):
1

Although the Arabic language existed long before the inception of Islam, it has been closely associated with this religion ever

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