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Acquired Brain Injury (Stroke and traumatic brain injury) in Later Life

Acquired Brain Injury (Stroke and traumatic brain injury) in Later Life   Reference library

Megan S. Barker, Emily C. Gibson, and Gail A. Robinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
10,388 words
Illustration(s):
1
Acquired brain injury broadly encompasses any type of brain damage that occurs after birth. Acquired brain injury includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is caused by an external ... More
ACT‐R architecture

ACT‐R architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,468 words
Illustration(s):
1

ACT‐R (Adaptive Control of Thought, Rational) is an architecture of cognition created by John Anderson in 1991 (Anderson

action, scientific perspectives

action, scientific perspectives   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,815 words
Illustration(s):
1

A number of recent studies have suggested that, in healthy subjects, the predicted sensory consequences of movement are available to

Adrian, Edgar Douglas

Adrian, Edgar Douglas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,172 words
Illustration(s):
1

1st Baron Adrian (1889–1977). Adrian was born in London and educated at Westminster School, where he became a

after-effect, perceptual

after-effect, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,394 words
Illustration(s):
1

A distortion occurring after prolonged sensory stimulation by alternating patterns. While there are early reports of effects which with hindsight

after‐effects, perceptual

after‐effects, perceptual   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,772 words
Illustration(s):
2

Exposure to a sensory stimulus can produce illusory perceptual experiences immediately following this exposure period. The period of initial stimulation

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes

ageing: sensory and perceptual changes   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,053 words
Illustration(s):
2

Since a person can deal efficiently with his social and physical environment only if his sensory and perceptual processes are

aggressive behaviour

aggressive behaviour   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,028 words
Illustration(s):
1

Behaviour directed towards causing physical injury to another person must clearly be labelled as aggressive, but beyond that hard core

Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning

Aging and Cognitive Skill Learning   Reference library

Jack Kuhns and Dayna R. Touron

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
9,540 words
Illustration(s):
3

Skilled behaviors represent some of the most complex and high-achieving feats of human learning and performance. We can define skill by ...

Aging Couples: Benefits and Costs of Long Intimate Relations

Aging Couples: Benefits and Costs of Long Intimate Relations   Reference library

Victoria I. Michalowski, Denis Gerstorf, and Christiane A. Hoppmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
10,251 words
Illustration(s):
2
Development does not occur in isolation. Social ties have long been recognized to be important for key outcomes, including health and well-being, throughout the adult lifespan and into old ... More
A Holistic and Mental Health Perspective on Transitioning Out of Elite Sport

A Holistic and Mental Health Perspective on Transitioning Out of Elite Sport   Reference library

Paul Wylleman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
5,852 words
Illustration(s):
1

While not always voluntary (e.g., retirement as a result of a career-ending injury) (e.g., Ristolainen, Kettunen, Kujala, & Heinonen, 2012...

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,982 words
Illustration(s):
1

A progressive neurodegenerative form of dementia. In the early stages it is marked by a memory deficit. Patients have increasing

anaesthesia and consciousness

anaesthesia and consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,700 words
Illustration(s):
3

Everybody wants to have a hand in a great discovery. All I will do is to give you a hint

anarchic hand

anarchic hand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,348 words
Illustration(s):
1

Anarchic hand (AH) refers to the occurrence of complex movements of one hand that are apparently directed to

animal metacognition and consciousness

animal metacognition and consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,155 words
Illustration(s):
2

Humans monitor their states of knowing and remembering, of certainty and doubt, and respond appropriately to these states by rethinking

anosognosia

anosognosia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,025 words
Illustration(s):
1

The term ‘anosognosia' indicates the denial of one's own disease or deficit. It can be observed in association with many

A Review and Reappraisal of the Default Network in Normal Aging and Dementia

A Review and Reappraisal of the Default Network in Normal Aging and Dementia   Reference library

Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Matthew D. Grilli, and Muireann Irish

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
13,245 words
Illustration(s):
4
The brain’s default network (DN)—a distributed network of integrated neural regions—has been implicated in a range of internally guided cognitive processes. Many of the processes supported ... More
arousal vs awareness

arousal vs awareness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,438 words
Illustration(s):
2

There is at present no satisfactory, universally accepted definition of consciousness. For the purposes of clinical neurosciences, consciousness consists of

art and visual abstraction

art and visual abstraction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,613 words
Illustration(s):
6

The following attempts to demonstrate the role played by abstractive processes of contour, areal contrast, body axes, and movement in

artificial grammar learning

artificial grammar learning   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,606 words
Illustration(s):
1

A grammar is a way of specifying how elements should be ordered. One sort of grammar is a finite state

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