Achaea and the Achaean Confederacy Reference library
Achaea is a region occupying the northern Peloponnesus, from the Larisos River in the west to the Sythas River in
Acheloos Painter (c. 525–c. 500bc) Reference library
c. 525–c. 500
Greek vase painter. His name vase was a Black-figure neck amphora
Achilles Reference library
The legendary hero Achilles was the most outstanding Greek warrior at Troy and the central figure of the Iliad.
Achilles Reference library
Andrew L. Brown
son of Peleus and Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer’s ...
Achilles Painter (c. 470–c. 425bc) Reference library
c. 470–c. 425
Greek vase painter. He is named after an Attic Red-figure amphora
Acquarossa Reference library
[It.: ‘red water’].
Modern name of an Etruscan settlement near Viterbo, Italy. It is situated on a small
Acropolis, Athenian Reference library
Rising above the typical city-state (or polis) of ancient Greece was a high but accessible hill that functioned at various
Aeschylus (525/4) Reference library
Athenian tragic dramatist. Aeschylus was born at Eleusis, a town ten miles (fifteen
Affecter (c. 540–520bc) Reference library
Greek vase painter. This Attic Black-figure artist’s name derives from the distinctive mannered
Africa, Province of Reference library
The term “Africa” was frequently used by Roman writers to refer to the whole of what is now the Maghreb
agora Reference library
Richard Allan Tomlinson
Greek term for an area where people gather together, most particularly for the political functions of the *polis, normally sited centrally in cities (as at Priene), or at least central to the street lines where the actual centre may be occupied by other features (such as the Acropolis at Athens); the area was sacred, and could be treated like a ...
agricultural implements Reference library
Robin G. Osborne and M. Stephen Spurr
The *technology of Greek *agriculture was simple, and apparently underwent little development. Breaking up the ground, which was fundamental to sowing, weed-control, and preservation of moisture, was achieved by simple symmetrical ploughs, which did not turn the soil, or by mattock and hoe. Ploughs and mattocks occasionally appear on vases and the (all wood) plough is described at length in Hesiod (...
Roman agricultural implements comprised slaves (see
Agriculture, Greek Reference library
Greece lies within the Mediterranean climate zone, where the main growing season for field crops occurs during the mild, rainy
Agriculture, Roman Reference library
As in all periods of antiquity, agriculture was the foundation of Roman society. The vast majority of the people worked
Ai Khanum Reference library
Site of a Hellenistic town of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, located at the confluence of the Kokcha and Pyandzh rivers (tributaries
Aigai (ii) Reference library
Site of the first capital of the Macedonian dynasty, c. 64 km south-west of Thessaloniki, Greece, now the
Aigina Reference library
Greek island in the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, mid-way between Athens to the north and Argos to the
Ai Khanoum Reference library
Susan Mary Sherwin-White
(see Map 2a, Cb), Greek Hellenistic city excavated (1965–78) by the French archaeological delegation in Afghanistan, is situated in the eastern part of ...
Aizanoi Reference library
Site of Hellenistic and Roman city, 54 km south-west of Kütahya in Turkey. Its remains comprise a
Akragas Reference library
[Lat. Agrigentum; now Agrigento].
Greek colony on the southern coast of Sicily. Believed to have been founded c.580