The Aftermaths of Civil Conflicts Reference library
Jaclyn M. Johnson and Clayton L. Thyne
Why the Effects of Civil War Matter
The conflict in Syria that began after the Arab Spring in 2011 captured
What Is an ABM?
An agent-based computational model in international relations (IR) is an object-oriented simulation model of a
The Age-Structural Theory of State Behavior Reference library
Rather than focusing on explanatory narratives and causality, the age-structural theory of state behavior is concerned with generating “timed
Akamatsu Waves Reference library
Arno Tausch, Leonid Grinin, and Andrey Korotayev
The System of Economic Cycles, and the Place of Akamatsu Waves Within Them
Before the 1920s, the economic literature hardly
Albizu Campos, Pedro (1893–1965) Reference library
Pedro Albizu Campos is beyond doubt the most important Puerto Rican nationalist leader and freedom fighter of the twentieth century.
Analogies and Metaphors and Foreign Policy Decision Making Reference library
Philosopher and psychologist William James believed that “humans can understand things, events, and experiences only from and through the
Arellano, Elvira (1975) Reference library
Ana Elena Puga
who rose to international prominence when she and her seven-year-old son took shelter in a Chicago church in 2006–2007 rather
Border Patrol Reference library
The US Border Patrol defines itself as “the mobile, uniformed law enforcement arm of the US Customs and Border Protection
Challenges and Possibilities of Empirical International Relations Theory: Evidence from Research in Brazil Reference library
Fernanda Barasuol and Andre Reis da Silva
The field of International Relations (IR), has been characterized in the past decades by the “Third Debate,” which have
Change and Continuity in African Electoral Politics Since Multipartyism Reference library
Jaimie Bleck and Nicolas van de Walle
Between 1990 and 2015, 184 multicandidate presidential elections and 207 multiparty legislative elections were held in some 46 countries of sub-Saharan Africa....
Changing Patterns of Political Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa Reference library
Kate M. Carter and Scott Straus
Given the coercive nature of colonial states, divisive colonial boundary-making processes, and the often abrupt transitions to independence, a central experience for many sub-Saharan African states has been that of large-scale political violence....
Chicken Quick reference
Game which takes its name from ‘dare’ games said to be played by Californian teenagers: two people are driving head‐on at one another on a narrow road; the first to swerve is chicken. When two people are playing, Chicken is best represented by the following diagram:...
Civil War and Religion: An Overview Reference library
This article examines the extent to which religious factors can explain the onset, dynamics, and termination of civil wars. The study of peace and conflict has traditionally tended to neglect and disregard religious dimensions of armed conflicts and rather focus on explanations based on strategic, economic, or other factors. Yet, this “secularism bias” is now increasingly being challenged (...
Clarifying Causal Mechanisms in International Relations Reference library
Theory and evidence about causal mechanisms, at some point (probably) long ago, reached the carrying capacity for integration into
Colonial Rule and Its Political Legacies in Africa Reference library
Amanda Lea Robinson
European contact with sub-Saharan Africa dates back to the 15th century, during the mercantilist period of colonization (Foa, 2017...
Comparative Analysis in African Politics Reference library
Comparison is a basic tool of analysis in the social sciences because it engenders concepts that bring into focus potential similarities and contrasts among cases under scrutiny. Although concepts are inevitably abstractions, they help sharpen our ability to describe reality. Comparative analysis is routinely used in testing hypotheses, but it also contributes to the inductive discovery of new hypotheses and to theory building (...