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Accelerated Cost Recovery System

Accelerated Cost Recovery System (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
87 words
Illustration(s):
1

The depreciation schedules established for tax purposes by the Economic Recovery Act of 1981 and subsequently modified by the Tax

Accounting and Bookkeeping

Accounting and Bookkeeping   Reference library

Gary John Previts and Rahmadi Murwanto

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,200 words
Illustration(s):
1
Over the course of established human history, accounting information and business have had an interdependent relationship, in which each has influenced the progress of the other. The ... More
add-on interest rate

add-on interest rate (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
84 words
Illustration(s):
2

A method of calculating interest on amortizing loans, usually used with consumer credit, where the simple interest is calculated on

adjusted certificate of deposit rate

adjusted certificate of deposit rate (Banks; USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
82 words
Illustration(s):
2

A method of pricing loans based on the rate for certificates of deposit (CD) and adjusting to reflect

Advertising

Advertising   Reference library

Pamela Walker Laird

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
4,101 words
Illustration(s):
1
An old business adage declared that “It pays to advertise.” It also costs to advertise. Advertisers must invest something, whether labor, goods, or money, to send a message through a ... More
Aging and Healthcare Costs

Aging and Healthcare Costs   Reference library

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
13,027 words
Illustration(s):
11

Is age an important predictor of healthcare expenditure (HCE) after controlling for time to death (TTD)? This question has received a lot of attention in health economics after ...

Agribusiness

Agribusiness   Reference library

Gilles Postel-Vinay

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,158 words
Illustration(s):
1
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it became clear that more and more activities once essential to agriculture were carried on outside the farm. The change appeared all ... More
Agricola, Georgius

Agricola, Georgius   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
650 words
Illustration(s):
1
(1494–1555), German physician and writer on mining and metallurgy Known as the “father of metallurgy,” Agricola (Georg Bauer) was born in Glauchau, Saxony, and at the age of ... More
Agricultural Labor

Agricultural Labor   Reference library

Clark Gregory

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,211 words
Illustration(s):
6
Agricultural labor takes place in a bewildering variety of ways. The list includes family farms, community cooperation, slave estates, feudal dependents, full-time wageworkers, casual ... More
Agricultural Rents

Agricultural Rents   Reference library

Turner Michael

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,054 words
Illustration(s):
1
When all the technicalities involving the economists' definitions are removed, agricultural rent seemingly becomes an easy and practical concept to understand. It is the contract that one ... More
Agricultural Revolution

Agricultural Revolution   Reference library

Robert C. Allen and Vaclav Smil

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
5,655 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry contains two subentries, dealing with the agricultural revolution in Europe and in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

Europe...
Agricultural Risk Management

Agricultural Risk Management   Reference library

Karl Gunnar Persson and Brian D. Wright

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
7,822 words
Illustration(s):
1
This entry contains three subentries, a historical overview and discussions of technological price stabilization and storage. Historical Overview Agricultural production is highly ... More
Agricultural Wages

Agricultural Wages   Reference library

Clark Gregory

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
3,679 words
Illustration(s):
5
Agricultural wages constitute the payments needed to secure labor when that labor is obtained in some kind of market. Wages can be paid in many forms: food, beer, shelter, money, access to ... More
Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

George Grantham, J., R. Wordie, Nicholas Goddard, David Grigg, Philip T. Hoffman, and Gregory Clark

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
25,220 words
Illustration(s):
10

This entry contains six subentries; a historical overview and discussions of technological change; main tools and implements; agricultural production systems...

Air Transportation

Air Transportation   Reference library

Peter Lyth, C. Derek Johnson, and W. David Lewis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
7,811 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry contains three subentries, a historical overview and discussions of technological change and industrial organization and regulation.

Historical Overview...
alpha coefficient

alpha coefficient   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
112 words
Illustration(s):
1

A measure of the return on a share compared to the expected return on shares with a similar *beta coefficient...

American Indian Economies

American Indian Economies   Reference library

Michael E. Smith, Terence N. D'Altroy, José Luis de Rojas, Robert Patch, and David M. Wishart

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
10,184 words
Illustration(s):
3

This entry contains five subentries, an overview and discussions of Inca, Aztec, Maya, and indigenous North American economies.

General Overview...
Amsterdam

Amsterdam   Reference library

Clé Lesger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,210 words
Illustration(s):
1
constitutional capital and largest city (pop. 1 million) of the Netherlands, a major port that is joined to the North Sea and Rhine River by canals. One of Europe's great intellectual, ... More
A New Economics to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals

A New Economics to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals   Reference library

Marcello Hernández-Blanco and Robert Costanza

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Environmental Economics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Environment
Length:
9,760 words
Illustration(s):
1
The development of our civilization has meant a significant improvement in many aspects of the quality of human life (although not evenly distributed across and within countries). This ... More
Animal and Livestock Diseases

Animal and Livestock Diseases   Reference library

Jonathan Brown

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,048 words
Illustration(s):
1
The economic importance of animal disease cannot be underestimated, for the losses to farmers down the centuries have been immense. The costs of controlling disease are also great, and in ... More

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