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Būzjānī, Abū-l-Wafāʾ

Būzjānī, Abū-l-Wafāʾ (940–988 ce)   Reference library

Younes Mahdavi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,576 words
Illustration(s):
1

Būzjānī was one of the most prominent astronomers and mathematicians of the tenth century. Abū-l-Wafāʾ Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā

Cybernetics

Cybernetics   Reference library

Atilla Bir and Mustafa Kaçar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,053 words
Illustration(s):
3

Cybernetics, meaning “helmsman” in Greek, was first defined in the mid-twentieth century by Norbert Wiener (1894–1964) as an interdisciplinary

Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences   Reference library

Munim M. Al-Rawi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,644 words
Illustration(s):
1

Islamic contributions to earth sciences were pioneered during the tenth century ce. The prominent Muslim philosophers and natural scientists

Geography and Cartography

Geography and Cartography   Reference library

Constantin Canavas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
4,876 words
Illustration(s):
1

When talking about geography and cartography in the Islamic world, one has to clarify the sense in which those terms

Khāzinī, Abū al-Fatḥ ʿAbd Raḥmān al-

Khāzinī, Abū al-Fatḥ ʿAbd Raḥmān al- (1115–1131)   Reference library

Mohammed Abattouy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,977 words
Illustration(s):
1

Al-Khāzinī flourished in Marw (Merv in Turkmenistan). In addition to his contributions to astronomy, he is known for those to

Space

Space   Reference library

Alnoor Dhanani

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,526 words
Illustration(s):
1

Contemporary views of space are deeply influenced by the four-dimensional space-time continuum of Einstein’s theory of relativity. However, space was

Sundials

Sundials   Reference library

Atilla Bir and Mustafa Kaçar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,108 words
Illustration(s):
3

Sundials are composed of a stick giving a shadow perpendicular to a table or wall plane. On a sunny day

Transmission of Islamic Scientific and Philosophical Works to Europe

Transmission of Islamic Scientific and Philosophical Works to Europe   Reference library

Charles Burnett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
3,316 words
Illustration(s):
1

The translation of Arabic texts on science and philosophy had a profound effect on European learning from the late tenth

Watermill

Watermill   Reference library

Atilla Bir and Mustafa Kaçar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
882 words
Illustration(s):
4

The earliest and most primitive examples of mills for grinding corn date back to the Neolithic Era, when human beings

Windmill

Windmill   Reference library

Atilla Bir and Mustafa Kaçar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
986 words
Illustration(s):
2

Windmills were designed taking into consideration the watermills of the early Middle Ages. Following the introduction of wind technology in

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