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A large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof and typically at the church's eastern end. Recorded from the early 19th century, the word comes from Latin apsis ...
architectural styles

architectural styles  

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History
Buildings designed in the style of the Romans continued to be erected in western Europe until the end of the 12th century. In Britain this Romanesque style is divided into the Saxon and Norman ...
architecture

architecture  

The term given to an organization's information technology platform, structure and process but increasingly used as a way of explaining complex marketing concepts and functions, for example ‘brand ...
architecture, Civil

architecture, Civil  

Civil architecture includes public buildings and private dwellings, but excludes military constructions and rural architecture. Important public buildings comprised essentially imperial and royal ...
architecture, Ecclesiastical

architecture, Ecclesiastical  

Ecclesiastical architecture responds, from a purely practical point of view, primarily to the requirements of worship and secondarily to the needs of those who dedicate themselves to the religious ...
Auxerre

Auxerre  

City on the Yonne river, c.195 km southeast of Paris. It had become a bishopric by the mid 4th century and the seat of an important county by the 9th ...
Batalha

Batalha  

The Dominican convent of Santa Maria da Vitoria, founded by the first ruler of the Aviz dynasty, John I, in recognition of the victory obtained by his troops over those ...
Bohemian and Moravian architecture

Bohemian and Moravian architecture  

The dominant architectural style of Bohemia from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries was Gothic. In the fourteenth century, the German mason Peter Parler (1333–99) completed Prague Cathedral, ...
Brou

Brou  

Margaret of Austria, daughter of Maximilian and of Mary of Burgundy, built the church of Brou (Ain) on the plans of Jean Perréal between 1505 and 1515, to respect a ...
Buon Bartolommeo

Buon Bartolommeo  

(b ?Venice, c.1400; d ?Venice, c.1467).Venetian sculptor and architect. With his father Giovanni (c.1360–c.1443), he ran the leading Venetian sculpture workshop of the period. Its major works include ...
Burgos

Burgos  

Located on the banks of the Arlanzón river (Castile), the city began as a military outpost in the 880s. Strategically placed, its castle kept a watch for Muslim raids. By ...
Cambrai

Cambrai  

A politically valuable frontier town, Cambrai was near the French, Flemish, and German borders, with bishops dominant from the 10th century. Cambrai was a centre of cloth production in the ...
cathedral

cathedral  

The principal church of a diocese, with which the bishop is officially associated. Recorded from Middle English (as an adjective, the noun being short for cathedral church ‘the church which contains ...
censer

censer  

A container in which incense is burnt, typically during a religious ceremony.
chapel

chapel  

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History
A place for worship, in a church, in honour of particular saints. Chapels are sometimes erected as separate buildings.
châsse

châsse  

The French word châsse, from capsa, “box” (capsa, urna, casse fierte), means a casket enclosing Relics, whose use probably derives from the ancient funerary urn. In the Middle Ages, this ...
choir

choir  

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History
or1 Part of a large church appropriated for the singers, with stalls, situated to the liturgical east of the nave, and partially screened.2 In a cruciform church that part east of the crossing, ...
crozier

crozier  

A hooked staff carried by a bishop as a symbol of pastoral office, originally denoting the person who carried a processional cross in front of an archbishop. Recorded from Middle English, the word ...
diocese

diocese  

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History
The territorial unit under the jurisdiction of a bishop, also known as a bishopric. Europe’s diocesan system emerged in the 4th century and is based on Roman imperial administrative units. ...
Egas family

Egas family  

A family of architects of Flemish origin who worked in Toledo in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The family came from Brussels, where their name may have been Coeman. The ...

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