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academy Quick reference
[from the ancient Greek akadēma, a gymnasium near Athens where Plato taught his pupils philosophy]
An association or school of artists, scholars, etc. arranged in a professional institution. In recent times the term was first used in Italy in the early 15th century to describe meetings of literati. By the 16th century it had been adopted to describe artists' corporations which included the teaching of subjects such as drawing after antique statuary and the live model, and also the study of anatomy, geometry, perspective, history, etc. Thus painting was raised from the status of a mere craft, as had been the case with medieval artists' ...
academy Reference library
A term used to denote a number of more or less formal gatherings of individuals.
Plato's favourite place to teach was out of doors in a grove named Academe, and since antiquity ‘the Academy’ has been a metonymy for the Platonic school of philosophy. In ...